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Optimization of quadtree segmentation and hybrid two-dimensional and three-dimensional motion estimation in a rate-distortion framework

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3 Author(s)
Tzovaras, D. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Aristotelian Univ. of Thessaloniki, Greece ; Vachtsevanos, S. ; Strintzis, M.G.

A rate-distortion framework is used to define a very low bit-rate coding scheme based on quadtree segmentation and optimized selection of motion estimators. This technique achieves maximum reconstructed image quality under the constraint of a target bit rate for the coding of the vector field and segmentation information. First, a complete scheme is proposed for hybrid two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) motion estimation and compensation. The quadtree object segmentation is optimized for hybrid motion estimation in the rate-distortion sense. This scheme adapts to the depth of the quadtree and the technique used for motion estimation for each leaf of the tree. A more sophisticated technique, adapted to the requirements of a very low bit-rate coder, is also proposed which also considers the transmission of the prediction error corresponding to the particular choice of the motion estimator. Based on these coding schemes, two versions of a very low bit-rate image sequence coder are developed. Experimental results illustrating the performance of the proposed techniques in very low bit-rate image sequence coding application areas are presented and evaluated

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 9 )