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Simulation of Nanostructure-Based High-Efficiency Solar Cells: Challenges, Existing Approaches, and Future Directions

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1 Author(s)
Aeberhard, U. ; Inst. of Energy & Climate 5: Photovoltaics, Res. Centre Julich, Julich, Germany

Many advanced concepts for high-efficiency photovoltaic devices exploit the peculiar optoelectronic properties of semiconductor nanostructures such as quantum wells, quantum wires, and quantum dots. While the optics of such devices is only modestly affected due to the small size of the structures, the optical transitions and electronic transport can strongly deviate from the simple bulk picture known from conventional solar cell devices. This paper discusses the challenges for an adequate theoretical description of the photovoltaic device operation arising from the introduction of nanostructure absorber and/or conductor components and gives an overview of existing device simulation approaches.

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 5 )