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Time-of-Flight-Based Radio Tomography for Device Free Localization

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5 Author(s)
Wang, Jie ; Faculty of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China ; Gao, Qinghua ; Wang, Hongyu ; Yu, Yan
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Due to its ability of realizing device free localization with wireless networks, the radio tomography becomes a promising technique that draws considerable attention. Traditional radio tomography makes use of the received signal strength (RSS) of wireless links to realize location estimation. However, the RSS measurement is particularly sensitive to noise. Inspired by the fact that similar to the RSS, the time-of-flight (TOF) measurement also changes significantly when some objects shadow the wireless link, and the fact that compared with the RSS, the TOF measurement is robust to noise, a novel TOF-based radio tomography is proposed in this paper. With the TOF measurements of the shadowed links as observation information, a modified particle filter algorithm which utilizes the compressive sensing technique to produce the importance distribution of the particle set is proposed, so as to realize localization and tracking with under-sampled measurements by making full use of the space-domain sparse and time-domain gradually changed feature of the location information. The experiments with the 802.15.4a chirp spread spectrum ranging hardware are presented to confirm the proposed scheme.

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Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 5 )