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Effect of CO2 shielding gas on metal droplet formation in arc welding

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2 Author(s)
J. Haidar ; Div. of Telecommun. & Ind. Phys., CSIRO, Sydney, NSW, Australia ; J. J. Lowke

We have developed a unified arc electrode model that enables us to make predictions of the time development of molten drops from the welding wire in gas metal arc welding. The wire is taken as the positive electrode, and the effects of surface tension, magnetic pinch forces, and convection within the drop are taken into account to predict drop detachment for any given arc current. For pure argon, we have previously predicted the sharp transition that is observed experimentally at about 300 A between globular transfer at low current, when drop diameters are larger than the wire diameter, and spray transfer, for currents above 300 A, when drop diameters are smaller than the wire diameter. In this paper, we predict that addition of 25% of CO2 to the argon leads to an increase in the transition current to more than 325 A, also in agreement with published experimental results. For pure CO2, we find a significantly different drop behavior due to the more constricted arc. Both small and large drops are produced, with many very small drops being produced successively between each large drop

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 5 )