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Numerical model of the anode region of high-current electric arcs

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3 Author(s)
Jenista, J. ; Inst. of Plasma Phys., Czechoslovak Acad. of Sci., Prague, Czech Republic ; Heberlein, J.V.R. ; Pfender, E.

A two-dimensional, two-temperature axisymmetric numerical model has been formulated for the flow-affected region and the boundary layer in front of high-intensity electric arc anodes. The plasma flow is laminar, steady, incompressible, and the plasma composition is found from the diffusion equation because chemical nonequilibrium is expected. Computational results are obtained for an atmospheric pressure argon arc considering two different situations: a free-burning electric arc and an arc with a constrictor tube. The solutions indicate two different anode attachments modes-a constricted and a diffuse attachment. It is found that under the conditions considered in the calculations, the gradient-induced current densities become significant at distances in the order of 1 mm from the anode surface. The thermal anode boundary layer is compressed with increasing current. The thickness of the thermal boundary layer for the constricted mode is approximately three times smaller than for the diffuse mode. A reversal of the electric field strength occurs over the entire thickness of the boundary layer in all calculated cases. A satisfactory agreement is reached between the calculated heat flux values and experimental results obtained for a 200-A free-burning electric arc

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 5 )