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Speech Synthesis Based on Hidden Markov Models

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6 Author(s)
Keiichi Tokuda ; Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology (NITech), Nagoya, Japan ; Yoshihiko Nankaku ; Tomoki Toda ; Heiga Zen
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This paper gives a general overview of hidden Markov model (HMM)-based speech synthesis, which has recently been demonstrated to be very effective in synthesizing speech. The main advantage of this approach is its flexibility in changing speaker identities, emotions, and speaking styles. This paper also discusses the relation between the HMM-based approach and the more conventional unit-selection approach that has dominated over the last decades. Finally, advanced techniques for future developments are described.

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Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:101 ,  Issue: 5 )