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On-chip optical detection of chemiluminescent reactions is presented. The device is based on the integration of thin film hydrogenated amorphous silicon photosensors on a functionalized glass substrate ensuring both a good optical coupling and an optimal separation between biological or chemical reagents and the sensing elements. The sensor has been characterized and optimized using the chemiluminescent system composed by the enzyme horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and luminol/peroxide/enhancer cocktail. The detectability of HRP is at the attomole level with a sensitivity of 1.46 fA/fg. Experiments, involving the detection of immobilized bio-specific probes on the functionalized surface have been performed both in bulk and microfluidics regime, proving the ability of the system to effectively detect chemiluminescent reactions and their kinetics. In particular, results achieved using conventional polydimethylsiloxane microfluidics for samples and reagents handling confirmed the good detection capabilities of the proposed system.