Skip to Main Content
Effective spectrum sensing strategies enable cognitive radios (CRs) to identify and opportunistically transmit on under-utilized spectral resources. In this paper, sequential channel sensing problems for single and multiple secondary users (SUs) networks are effectively modeled through finite state Markovian processes. More specifically, a model for single user case is introduced and its performance is validated through analytical analysis. Then, in order to address multiple SUs case, this model is extended to include the modified p-persistent access (MPPA) protocol. Since the scheme utilized experiences a high level of collision among the SUs, to mitigate the problem appropriately, p-persistent random access (PPRA) protocol is considered, which offers higher average throughput for SUs by statistically distributing their loads among all channels. The structure and performance of the proposed schemes are discussed in detail, and a set of illustrative numerical results is presented to validate and compare the performance of the proposed sense-access strategies.