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The results of remote sensing temperature profiles measurements within a 0-600-m altitude range and total water content measurements during total (Kislovodsk, 2006; Novosibirsk, 2008) and partial (Moscow, 2011) solar eclipses, using microwave radiometers are presented. Initially, continuous data on temperature profiles are obtained at different altitudes before, during, and after total solar eclipses, using two single channel elevation scanning microwave temperature profilers. Terrestrial consequences of solar eclipses (especially total ones) are quite noticeable and important. Solar eclipses support unique, specific conditions, which gives the opportunity for various meteorological research. The most important indicator of thermodynamic processes occurring during solar eclipses is air temperature at different altitudes in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). The ABL temperature depends, in general, on the flux of solar radiation and some features of the ground (albedo, absorptivity, and emissivity) and the air (humidity). Temperature profile measurements are accompanied by solar radiation (with net-radiometer) and total water vapor (with microwave radiometers) measurements. The observation results of this paper will contribute detailed model calculations for clarifying meteorological effects of solar eclipses. Observations of the next total solar eclipse over Russia (August 12, 2026) can be used to verify our observational results.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:51 , Issue: 9 )
Date of Publication: Sept. 2013