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A novel approach to liveness supervision of AMS with assembly operations using Petri nets

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2 Author(s)
Hesuan Hu ; Sch. of Electro-Mech. Eng., Xidian Univ., Xi'an, China ; Rong Su

In the context of automated manufacturing systems (AMS), Petri nets are widely adopted to solve the modeling, analysis, and control problems. So far, nearly all known approaches to liveness-enforcing supervisory control study AMS with flexible routes whereas little work investigates the ones with synchronization operations. Compared with flexibility, synchronization allows the disassembly and assembly operations which correspond to the splitting and merging to and from different sub-processes, respectively. Such structures bring difficulties to establish liveness condition upon the analysis of the underlying process flows. In this paper, we propose a novel class of systems, which can well deal with these features so as to facilitate the investigation of such complex systems. Using structural analysis, we show that their liveness can be attributed to deadlock-freeness, which is much easier to analyze, detect, and control by synthesizing a proper supervisory controller. Furthermore, a set of mathematical formulations are proposed to describe and extract the corresponding deadlocks. This facilitates the synthesis of liveness enforcing supervisors as it avoids the consideration of deadlock-free but non-live scenarios. The effectiveness and efficiency of this work is verified through examples.

Published in:

Control Automation Robotics & Vision (ICARCV), 2012 12th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

5-7 Dec. 2012