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A wideband optical mode converter is presented for coupling between fibers and sub-wavelength silicon photonic wires with large misalignment tolerance. This converter consists of a three-dimensional (3-D) SU-8 taper and silicon inverted nanotapers, which are cascaded and show coupling losses of 2.8 dB and 4.1 dB for the TE- and TM-polarized waves launched from a cleaved single mode fiber. The fiber misalignment tolerance for 3-dB transmittance drop is estimated to be ±3 μm.
Date of Publication: May15, 2013