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We demonstrate three-dimensional position and force detection of single gold nanosphere (GNP) and gold nanorod (GNR) particles in optical trap by combining backscattered light detection and dark field imaging. The trapping stiffness of the GNPs and GNRs for all three dimensions is measured. The results show that the spring constants in the propagation direction of the trapping laser are somewhat weaker than in other two directions for GNPs. While for GNRs, the spring constants in the polarization direction of the trapping laser are a little weaker than in other two directions. The effect of trapping laser polarization on the particles yields different spring constants in the transverse plane which is perpendicular to the propagation direction. And this effect is larger on GNRs than GNPs.