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Wireless Power Transfer: Metamaterials and Array of Coupled Resonators

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3 Author(s)
Bingnan Wang ; Mitsubishi Electr. Res. Labs. (MERL), Cambridge, MA, USA ; Yerazunis, W. ; Koon Hoo Teo

In this paper, we will report some recent progress on wireless power transfer (WPT) based on resonant coupling. Two major technologies will be discussed: the use of metamaterials and array of coupled resonators. With a slab of metamaterial, the near-field coupling between two resonant coils can be enhanced; the power transfer efficiency between coils is boosted by the metamaterial. The principle of enhanced coupling with metamaterial will be discussed; the design of metamaterial slabs for near-field wireless power transfer will be shown; recent experimental results on wireless power transfer efficiency improvement with metamaterial will also be presented. By using an array of resonators, the range of efficient power transfer can be greatly extended. More importantly, this new technology can provide wireless power to both static and mobile devices dynamically. The principle of this technology will be explained; analytical and numerical models will be used to evaluate the performance of a WPT system with an array of resonators; recent experimental developments will also be presented.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:101 ,  Issue: 6 )