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This paper outlines the analysis of the concept in the implementation of distributed generation systems focused on the city of Bogotá. Different experiences of adoption of this type of generation, that could be located in various parts of the city, with special emphasis on the economic, environmental, and improved reliability of electricity supply, reported by different authors. Similarly, it also presents a characterization of Colombian electricity sector, through a historical overview of its evolution to its current state, applying the concept of distributed generation. Finally, define benefits and disadvantages of the implementation of distributed generation in Bogota, to be applied to obtain an effective and permanent positioning of these technologies in power schemes in other regions of the country. The conclusion, about the possibility of implementing distributed generation systems under conditions of government stimulus for the development of technologies based on renewable energy generation and cogeneration.