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Fully Distributed Coordination of Multiple DFIGs in a Microgrid for Load Sharing

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5 Author(s)
Wei Zhang ; Klipsch Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM, USA ; Yinliang Xu ; Wenxin Liu ; Ferrese, F.
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When wind power penetration is high, the available generation may be more than needed, especially for wind-powered microgrids working autonomously. Because the maximum peak power tracking algorithm may result in a supply-demand imbalance, an alternative algorithm is needed for load sharing. In this paper, a fully distributed control scheme is presented to coordinate the operations of multiple doubly-fed induction generators (DFIGs) in a microgrid. According to the proposed control strategy, each bus in a microgrid has an associated bus agent that may have two function modules. The global information discovery module discovers the total available wind generation and total demand. The load sharing control module calculates the generation reference of a DFIG. The consensus-based algorithm can guarantee convergence for microgrids of arbitrary topologies under various operating conditions. By controlling the utilization levels of DFIGs to a common value, the supply-demand balance can be maintained. In addition, the detrimental impact of inaccurate and outdated predictions of maximum wind power can be alleviated. The generated control references are tracked by coordinating converter controls and pitch angle control. Simulation results with a 5-DFIG microgrid demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.

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Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 2 )