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Magnetic hardening from the suppression of domain walls by nonmagnetic particles

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5 Author(s)
Shenyang Hu ; Pacific Northwest Nat. Lab., Richland, WA, USA ; Yulan Li ; McCloy, J. ; Montgomery, R.
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Magnetic domain switching and hysteresis loops in a single crystal α-iron with and without nonmagnetic particles were simulated based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation of magnetization dynamics. Both the nonmagnetic particle and the 360° domain wall are nucleation sites of an antidirection domain during domain switching; however, the 360° Bloch domain wall is the easiest nucleation site. The nucleation occurs by splitting the 360° Bloch domain wall into two 180° Bloch domain walls. The existence of nonmagnetic particles could prevent the formation of 360° Bloch domain walls and cause magnetic hardening. Simulations demonstrate the impact of nonmagnetic particle sizes on magnetic domain switching and coercive field.

Published in:

Magnetics Letters, IEEE  (Volume:4 )