Scheduled System Maintenance:
On May 6th, single article purchases and IEEE account management will be unavailable from 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM ET (12:00 - 21:00 UTC). We apologize for the inconvenience.
By Topic

Under-determined Training and Estimation for Distributed Transmit Beamforming Systems

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Zhang, J.A. ; ICT Centre, Wireless & Networking Technol. Lab., CSIRO, Sydney, NSW, Australia ; Tao Yang ; Zhuo Chen

Distributed transmit beamforming (DTB) can significantly boost the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of a wireless communication system. To realize the benefits of DTB, generating and feeding back beamforming vector are very challenging tasks. Existing schemes have either enormous overhead or weak robustness in noisy channels. In this paper, we investigate the design of training sequences and beamforming vector estimators in DTB systems. We consider an under-determined case, where the length of training sequence N sent from each node is smaller than the number of source nodes M. We derive the optimal estimation of the beamforming vector that maximizes the beamforming gain and show that it can be well approximated as the linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) estimator. Based on the LMMSE estimator, we investigate the optimal design of training sequences and propose efficient DTB schemes. We analytically show that these schemes can achieve approximately N times increased SNR in uncorrelated channels, and even higher gain in correlated ones. We also propose a concatenated training scheme which optimally combines the training signals over multiple frames to obtain the beamforming vector. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed DTB schemes can yield significant gains even at very low SNRs, with total feedback bits much less than those required in the existing schemes.

Published in:

Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 4 )