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Quantum Dot Cellular Automata Check Node Implementation for LDPC Decoders

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5 Author(s)
Muhammad Awais ; Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy ; Marco Vacca ; Mariagrazia Graziano ; Massimo Ruo Roch
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The quantum dot Cellular Automata (QCA) is an emerging nanotechnology that has gained significant research interest in recent years. Extremely small feature sizes, ultralow power consumption, and high clock frequency make QCA a potentially attractive solution for implementing computing architectures at the nanoscale. To be considered as a suitable CMOS substitute, the QCA technology must be able to implement complex real-time applications with affordable complexity. Low density parity check (LDPC) decoding is one of such applications. The core of LDPC decoding lies in the check node (CN) processing element which executes actual decoding algorithm and contributes toward overall performance and complexity of the LDPC decoder. This study presents a novel QCA architecture for partial parallel, layered LDPC check node. The CN executes Normalized Min Sum decoding algorithm and is flexible to support CN degree dc up to 20. The CN is constructed using a VHDL behavioral model of QCA elementary circuits which provides a hierarchical bottom up approach to evaluate the logical behavior, area, and power dissipation of the whole design. Performance evaluations are reported for the two main implementations of QCA i.e. molecular and magnetic.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 3 )