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Bilinear Modeling of EMG Signals to Extract User-Independent Features for Multiuser Myoelectric Interface

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2 Author(s)
Takamitsu Matsubara ; Graduate School of Information Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST), Nara, Japan ; Jun Morimoto

In this study, we propose a multiuser myoelectric interface that can easily adapt to novel users. When a user performs different motions (e.g., grasping and pinching), different electromyography (EMG) signals are measured. When different users perform the same motion (e.g., grasping), different EMG signals are also measured. Therefore, designing a myoelectric interface that can be used by multiple users to perform multiple motions is difficult. To cope with this problem, we propose for EMG signals a bilinear model that is composed of two linear factors:1) user dependent and 2) motion dependent. By decomposing the EMG signals into these two factors, the extracted motion-dependent factors can be used as user-independent features. We can construct a motion classifier on the extracted feature space to develop the multiuser interface. For novel users, the proposed adaptation method estimates the user-dependent factor through only a few interactions. The bilinear EMG model with the estimated user-dependent factor can extract the user-independent features from the novel user data. We applied our proposed method to a recognition task of five hand gestures for robotic hand control using four-channel EMG signals measured from subject forearms. Our method resulted in 73% accuracy, which was statistically significantly different from the accuracy of standard non-multiuser interfaces, as the result of a two-sample t-test at a significance level of 1%.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 8 )