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A quarter-mode substrate integrated waveguide (QMSIW) which is the quadrant sector of a square waveguide resonator is proposed and investigated in this paper. The QMSIW is realized by bisecting the half-mode substrate integrated waveguide (HMSIW) into two parts along the fictitious quasi-magnetic wall when it operates with TE101 and TE202 modes as the way bisecting the substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) to HMSIW. The QMSIW can almost preserve the field distribution of original SIW and leaky wave is achieved from the dielectric aperture of the QMSIW. When the feeding port is placed at one corner of the QMSIW, a linearly polarized radiation is obtained when the QMSIW resonates in TE101QM mode, and when the QMSIW resonates in TE202QM mode, a circularly polarized (CP) wave is achieved. An antenna is designed, fabricated, and measured based on the proposed QMSIW. The measurement results match with the simulation results very well.