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Dynamic network decoders have the advantage of significantly lower memory consumption compared to static network decoders, especially when huge vocabularies and complex language models are required. This paper compares the properties of two well-known search strategies for dynamic network decoding, namely history conditioned lexical tree search and weighted finite-state transducer-based search using on-the-fly transducer composition. The two search strategies share many common principles like the use of dynamic programming, beam search, and many more. We point out the similarities of both approaches and investigate the implications of their differing features, both formally and experimentally, with a focus on implementation independent properties. Therefore, experimental results are obtained with a single decoder by representing the history conditioned lexical tree search strategy in the transducer framework. The properties analyzed cover structure and size of the search space, differences in hypotheses recombination, language model look-ahead techniques, and lattice generation.
Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:21 , Issue: 6 )
Date of Publication: June 2013