Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

Optimizing the Front Electrode of Silicon-Wafer-Based Solar Cells and Modules

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Yong Sheng Khoo ; NUS Grad. Sch. for Integrative Sci. & Eng., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore ; Walsh, T.M. ; Aberle, A.G.

Front electrode optimization is one of the important design considerations that affects the efficiency of a silicon wafer solar cell. The optimization of the front electrode is usually done to maximize cell efficiency at standard test conditions (STC). However, with increasing prices in silver, optimization of the front electrode should be done by taking into account the cost of the silver paste. In this study, optimization of the front electrode is done at the cell level at STC (dollars per watt peak), module level at STC (dollars per watt peak), and under real-world module conditions (dollars per kilowatthour), taking into account the cost of the silver paste. For commercial screen-printed multicrystalline silicon wafer solar cells, it is found that to achieve the most cost-effective cell design at the outdoor module level (dollars per kilowatthour), the number of front metal fingers can be strongly reduced (by more than 20) compared with a conventional cell design, which is maximized for STC cell efficiency. For silver price of $1286/kg, optimization at the cell and module level for lowest cost will yield up to 1% cost savings compared with optimization for maximum efficiency. Optimization for the lowest levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) will yield on average 0.6% lower LCOE compared with optimization for maximum annual energy output.

Published in:

Photovoltaics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

April 2013

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.