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Wavelength selective p-GaN/ZnO colloidal nanoparticle heterojunction photodiode

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4 Author(s)
Qin, Liqiao ; Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180, USA ; Shao, Dali ; Shing, Christopher ; Sawyer, Shayla

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An ultraviolet heterojunction photodiode consisting of epitaxially grown p-GaN layers and polyvinyl alcohol coated ZnO colloidal nanoparticles exhibits a lowpass and bandpass alternative property depending on the illumination direction. At 0 V bias, a time response on the order of 10 s of milliseconds was demonstrated with a responsivity on the order of mA/W with about 100 nW of ultraviolet illumination. The rectification ratio at ±5 V was 1000 under dark environment. Deposition of colloidal ZnO nanoparticles on an independent p-GaN substrate introduces a technique to create a heterostructure pn junction photodiode with wavelength selection by back illumination.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:102 ,  Issue: 7 )