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Compact Thermo-Optic Switch Based on Tapered W1 Photonic Crystal Waveguide

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8 Author(s)
Qiang Zhao ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China ; Kaiyu Cui ; Zhilei Huang ; Xue Feng
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A compact thermo-optic switch based on the cutoff effect of slow-light mode of a tapered W1 photonic crystal waveguide (PCW) is demonstrated with an integrated microheater. Due to the low-group-index taper, the coupling loss of the slow-light PCW is reduced, and a high switching extinction ratio (ER) is attained. Moreover, three types of microheaters are evaluated for the power consumptions, heating transfer efficiency, and temperature uniformities, and an optimized slab microheater is utilized. As a result, low switching power of 8.9 mW and high ER of 23.5 dB are achieved experimentally, while the length of W1 PCW is only 16.8 μm.

Published in:

Photonics Journal, IEEE  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 2 )