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Channel Exploration and Exploitation with Imperfect Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks

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4 Author(s)
Zhou Zhang ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2V4 ; Hai Jiang ; Peng Tan ; Jim Slevinsky

In this paper, the problem of opportunistic channel sensing and access in cognitive radio networks when the sensing is imperfect and a secondary user can access up to a limited number of channels at a time is investigated. Primary users' statistical information is assumed to be unknown, and therefore, a secondary user needs to learn the information online during channel sensing and access process, which means learning loss, also referred to as regret, is inevitable. For each channel, the busy/idle state is independent from one slot to another. In this research, the case when all potential channels can be sensed simultaneously is investigated first. The channel access process is modeled as a multi-armed bandit problem with side observation. And channel access rules are derived and theoretically proved to have asymptotically finite regret. Then the case when the secondary user can sense only a limited number of channels at a time is investigated. The channel sensing and access process is modeled as a bi-level multi-armed bandit problem. It is shown that any adaptive rule has at least logarithmic regret. Then we derive channel sensing and access rules and theoretically prove that they have logarithmic regret asymptotically and with finite time. The case when the busy/idle states of a channel are correlated over slots is also investigated. And a channel sensing and access rule with logarithmic regret is derived. The effectiveness of the derived rules is validated by simulation.

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 3 )