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Low power time-of-flight 3D imager system in standard CMOS

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4 Author(s)
Priyanka Kumar ; Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands ; Edoardo Charbon ; R. Bogdan Staszewski ; A. Borowski

This paper proposes a novel time-of-flight (ToF) sensor with high dynamic range and fine depth resolution for medium and long range 3D imaging applications. It focuses on low power consumption while maintaining human-eye safety requirements. A pixel array architecture is employed where each pixel consists of a single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) as a photo-detector along with a dedicated time-to-digital converter (TDC) for fast image acquisition. The imager is designed to achieve millimeter-level depth resolution with maximum range up to 30 m operating at a maximum frame rate of 1000 fps. It targets security applications, primarily facial recognition, but is also suitable for automotive vision and robotics.

Published in:

Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS), 2012 19th IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

9-12 Dec. 2012