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An Optimal Control Method for Photovoltaic Grid-Tied-Interleaved Flyback Microinverters to Achieve High Efficiency in Wide Load Range

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3 Author(s)
Zhiliang Zhang ; Jiangsu Key Lab. of New Energy Generation & Power Conversion, Nanjing Univ. of Aeronaut. & Astronaut., Nanjing, China ; Xiao-Fei He ; Yan-Fei Liu

Boundary conduction mode (BCM) and discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) control strategies are widely used for the flyback microinverter. The BCM and DCM control strategies are investigated for the interleaved flyback microinverter concentrating on the loss analysis under different load conditions. These two control strategies have different impact on the loss distribution and thus the efficiency of the flyback microinverter. For the interleaved flyback microinverter, the dominant losses with heavy load include the conduction loss of the power MOSFETs and diodes, and the loss of the transformer; while the dominant losses with light load include the gate driving loss, the turn-off loss of the power MOSFETs and the transformer core loss. Based on the loss analysis, a new hybrid control strategy combing the two-phase DCM and one-phase DCM control is proposed to improve the efficiency in wide load range by reducing the dominant losses depending on the load current. The optimal design method based on the boundary condition of the hybrid control is also presented. The experimental results verify the benefits of the proposed control.

Published in:

Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 11 )