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Energy minimization using multiple supply voltages

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2 Author(s)
Jui-Ming Chang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. Syst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Pedram, M.

We present a dynamic programming technique for solving the multiple supply voltage scheduling problem in both nonpipelined and functionally pipelined data-paths. The scheduling problem refers to the assignment of a supply voltage level (selected from a fixed and known number of voltage levels) to each operation in a data flow graph so as to minimize the average energy consumption for given computation time or throughput constraints or both. The energy model is accurate and accounts for the input pattern dependencies, re-convergent fanout induced dependencies, and the energy cost of level shifters. Experimental results show that using three supply voltage levels on a number of standard benchmarks, an average energy saving of 40.19% (with a computation time constraint of 1.5 times the critical path delay) can be obtained compared to using a single supply voltage level.

Published in:

Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Dec. 1997

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