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Flat Frequency Response in the Electronic Measurement of Boltzmann's Constant

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6 Author(s)
Jifeng Qu ; Nat. Inst. of Metrol., Beijing, China ; Yunfeng Fu ; Jianqiang Zhang ; Rogalla, H.
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A new quantum-voltage-calibrated Johnson noise thermometer was developed at the National Institute of Metrology to demonstrate the electrical approach that determines Boltzmann's constant k, by comparing electrical and thermal noise power. A measurement with an integration period of 19 h and a bandwidth of 638 kHz results in a relative offset of 1 × 10-6, from the current Committee on Data for Science and Technology value of k, and a type A relative standard uncertainty of 17 × 10-6. Closely matched noise powers and transmission-line impedances were achieved, and consequently, the quadratic fitting parameters of the ratio spectrum show flat frequency responses with respect to the measurement bandwidth. This flat response produces a dramatically reduced systematic error compared to that of the National Institute of Standards and Technology measurement of k, in which the relative combined uncertainty was dominated by this error.

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Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:62 ,  Issue: 6 )