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There seem to be four forces acting to transform research into something primarily concerned with specific material objectives, or missions. One of the ways by which the transformation of scientific research will be manifested is in the behavior of the professionals. Specifically, such technical organizations as industrial R&D firms, hospitals, and think tanks will develop norms and behaviors consistent with the traditional organizational demands, and less with the traditional professional ethos. The discussion concludes by describing several research propositions that merit empirical investigation.