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Uniplanar hybrid couplers using asymmetrical coplanar striplines

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3 Author(s)
Heimer, B.R. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX, USA ; Lu Fan ; Kai Chang

This paper presents four new uniplanar 3-dB hybrid couplers using asymmetrical coplanar strips (ACPSs) for microwave integrated circuit (MIC) and monolithic MIC (MMIC) applications. Experimental results show that the standard (1.5 λg circumference) uniplanar 180° hybrid-ring coupler has 3.5± 0.4 dB coupling, greater than 21-dB isolation, and greater than 23.4-dB return loss over a 25% bandwidth centered at 3 GHz. The 180° reverse-phase hybrid-ring coupler (1.0 λg circumference) provides better performance as compared to conventional microstrip hybrid couplers. This circuit has a bandwidth of more than one octave from 2 to 4 GHz with ±0.4-dB power dividing imbalance and ±4° phase imbalance. The 180° reduced-size reverse-phase hybrid-ring coupler (0.8 λg circumference) maintains the performance of the 180° reverse-phase hybrid coupler with the advantage of smaller size. This circuit also has a bandwidth of more than one octave from 2 to 4 GHz with ±0.3-dB power dividing imbalance and ±3.1° phase imbalance. A new 90° 3-dB branch-line hybrid coupler is also introduced. Experimental results show the insertion loss of this component to be 0.5 dB at 3 GHz, and also greater than 15.3-dB isolation and 17.1-dB return loss over a 10% bandwidth centered at 3 GHz. The circuits were designed and simulated with Sonnet electromagnetic-circuit solver software. The measured results agree well with the simulations

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 12 )

Date of Publication:

Dec 1997

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