By Topic

A CMOS image sensor with analog two-dimensional DCT-based compression circuits for one-chip cameras

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

9 Author(s)
Kawahito, Shoji ; Dept. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Toyohashi Univ. of Technol., Japan ; Yoshida, M. ; Sasaki, M. ; Umehara, K.
more authors

This paper presents a CMOS image sensor with on-chip compression using an analog two-dimensional discrete cosine transform (2-D DCT) processor and a variable quantization level analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The analog 2-D DCT processor is essentially suitable for the on-sensor image compression, since the analog image sensor signal can be directly processed. The small and low-power nature of the analog design allows us to achieve low-power, low-cost, one-chip digital video cameras. The 8×8-point analog 2-D DCT processor is designed with fully differential switched-capacitor circuits to obtain sufficient precision for video compression purposes. An imager array has a dedicated eight-channel parallel readout scheme for direct encoding with the analog 2-D DCT processor. The variable level quantization after the 2-D DCT can be performed by the ADC at the same time. A prototype CMOS image sensor integrating these core circuits for compression is implemented based on triple-metal double-polysilicon 0.35-μm CMOS technology. Image encoding using the implemented analog 2-D DCT processor to the image captured by the sensor is successfully performed. The maximum peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) is 36.7 dB

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 12 )