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Ultralong dispersion-shifted erbium-doped fiber amplifier and its application to soliton transmission

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3 Author(s)
M. Nakazawa ; NTT Transmission Syst. Labs., Ibaraki, Japan ; Y. Kimura ; K. Suzuki

Distributed, dispersion-shifted erbium-doped fiber amplifiers with doping concentrations as low as 0.1-0.5 p.p.m. (0.1-0.5×10-4 wt.%) were fabricated and their grain characteristics studied for the purpose of soliton amplification. A 9.4-km dual-shape-core-type amplifier with a 0.5-p.p.m. concentration had a gain of more than 20 dB at 1.535 μm and 10 dB at 1.552 μm with a forward pumping configuration, and it could successfully amplify and transmit a 20-ps soliton pulse train at a 2.5-GHz repetition rate. The soliton transmission characteristics of an 18.2 km long fiber amplifier were studied using backward and forward pumping. It was found that A=1.5 soliton pulses with a pulse width of 20 ps could be amplified over 18.2 km at a repetition rate of 5 GHz, where soliton narrowing to 16 ps was observed

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 12 )