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What does a first-order reversal curve diagram really mean? A study case: Array of ferromagnetic nanowires

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2 Author(s)
Dobrota, Costin-Ionut ; Faculty of Physics, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi, Iasi 700506, Romania ; Stancu, Alexandru

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The magnetic characterization technique of hysteretic materials based on the measurement of the first-order reversal curves (FORC) is one of the most appealing methods recently introduced in hundreds of new laboratories, but due to the complexity of the FORC data analysis, it is not always properly used. This method originated in identification procedures for the classical Preisach model and consequently often the FORC distribution is interpreted as a slightly distorted Preisach distribution. In this paper, we discuss this idea from two points of view derived from the basic assumptions used in the Preisach model. One is that the interaction field is equivalent with a shift of the rectangular hysteron along the applied field axis without changing the intrinsic coercivity. The other is the direct use of switching fields as coordinates, in fact, the ones defining the Preisach plane. We discuss the compatibility between the experimental FORC distribution and the Preisach model developed on the interaction field hypothesis. As a “toy model,” we are using a system of ferromagnetic nanowires, explaining from the physical point of view the complex FORC diagrams as they are obtained in experiments. This explanation gives a fundament for the correct interpretation of the FORC diagram in order to get “Preisach type” information about the system, mainly about the distributions of coercive and interaction fields within the sample. These results are relevant for many ferromagnetic systems and give a valuable guide for understanding the FORC technique and its fundamental link with the Preisach model.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:113 ,  Issue: 4 )