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Emotion classification is essential for understanding human interactions and hence is a vital component of behavioral studies. Although numerous algorithms have been developed, the emotion classification accuracy is still short of what is desired for the algorithms to be used in real systems. In this paper, we evaluate an approach where basic acoustic features are extracted from speech samples, and the One-Against-All (OAA) Support Vector Machine (SVM) learning algorithm is used. We use a novel hybrid kernel, where we choose the optimal kernel functions for the individual OAA classifiers. Outputs from the OAA classifiers are normalized and combined using a thresholding fusion mechanism to finally classify the emotion. Samples with low `relative confidence' are left as `unclassified' to further improve the classification accuracy. Results show that the decision-level recall of our approach for six-class emotion classification is 80.5%, outperforming a state-of-the-art approach that uses the same dataset.
Spoken Language Technology Workshop (SLT), 2012 IEEE
Date of Conference: 2-5 Dec. 2012