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Computing MMSE Estimates and Residual Uncertainty Directly in the Feature Domain of ASR using STFT Domain Speech Distortion Models

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2 Author(s)
Ramón Fernández Astudillo ; Spoken Language Laboratory, INESC-ID-Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal ; Reinhold Orglmeister

In this paper we demonstrate how uncertainty propagation allows the computation of minimum mean square error (MMSE) estimates in the feature domain for various feature extraction methods using short-time Fourier transform (STFT) domain distortion models. In addition to this, a measure of estimate reliability is also attained which allows either feature re-estimation or the dynamic compensation of automatic speech recognition (ASR) models. The proposed method transforms the posterior distribution associated to a Wiener filter through the feature extraction using the STFT Uncertainty Propagation formulas. It is also shown that non-linear estimators in the STFT domain like the Ephraim-Malah filters can be seen as special cases of a propagation of the Wiener posterior. The method is illustrated by developing two MMSE-Mel-frequency Cepstral Coefficient (MFCC) estimators and combining them with observation uncertainty techniques. We discuss similarities with other MMSE-MFCC estimators and show how the proposed approach outperforms conventional MMSE estimators in the STFT domain on the AURORA4 robust ASR task.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 5 )