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Interference is one of the key factors impacting the performance and robustness of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) operation. For serious WSN applications, it is crucial that interference mitigation acts in a fast and reliable fashion. We describe an adaptive and distributed channel hopping scheme, HOPSCOTCH1. Our scheme is novel in the sense that (1) it is built on a lightweight yet accurate metric to describe the interference, and (2) it is fully distributed in nature and combines a proactive, consent-based as well as a reactive, rendezvous-based hopping technique, which allow for robust operation even in adverse conditions. We show by extensive experimentation that our channel metric models real-world conditions accurately and that HOPSCOTCH provides a very fast response time to adapt the network to interference.
Date of Conference: 22-25 Oct. 2012