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Synchrophasor Estimators Accuracy: A Comparative Analysis

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3 Author(s)
Barchi, G. ; DISI-Dept. of Inf. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Univ. of Trento, Trento, Italy ; Macii, D. ; Petri, D.

The real-time high-accuracy measurement of waveform phasors is one of the many open challenges that need to be addressed in future smart grids. In this paper, the accuracy of four recently proposed synchrophasor estimators is analyzed and compared with the well-known one-cycle discrete Fourier transform estimator under the effect of static frequency offsets, amplitude modulation, phase modulation, harmonic distortion, and wideband noise. Two of the considered techniques track the phasor variations through finite-difference equations that estimate the first- and second-order derivatives of the phasor itself. The other two methods are instead based on a least squares estimation of the coefficients of the phasor Taylor's series expansion. The analysis reported in this paper covers the main scenarios described in the Standard IEEE C37.118.1-2011. In particular, the influence of different signal parameters on the total vector error (TVE) values is quantified and used to determine the maximum TVE increments associated with distinct parameters and the corresponding upper bounds.

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Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:62 ,  Issue: 5 )