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Fabrication and Characterization of FePt Exchange Coupled Composite and Graded Bit Patterned Media

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9 Author(s)
Hao Wang $^{1}$MINT Center and Electrical and Computer Engineering Department,, University of Minnesota,, Minneapolis,, MN , USA ; Haibao Zhao ; Tofizur Rahman ; Yousuke Isowaki
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Three methods to fabricate continuous FePt films with graded magnetic anisotropy for bit patterned media (BPM) were evaluated. Continuous FePt films with surface roughness of less than 0.3 nm were achieved in continuous FePt hard magnetic films, FePt/Fe exchange coupled composite (ECC) films and FePt/Fe based graded films. Depositing an Fe-rich film on FePt at high temperature was found to form large grains and cause the film surface very rough for BPM fabrication. Depositing Fe on FePt at room temperature and then annealing it to create graded anisotropy through the layer interdiffusion process was demonstrated to fabricate FePt/Fe based graded BPM. The continuous FePt films with hard layer only, ECC structure and graded magnetic anisotropy were patterned using a di-block copolymer self-assemble hard mask method with 25 nm dot size over 2-inch substrate. The switching field distribution (SFD) broadening and degradation of FePt BPM was studied. The reduction of SFD was achieved using a postannealing process. It was confirmed that the patterned graded BPM sample has smaller switching field and larger thermal energy barrier than the ECC sample.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 2 )