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The Fokker-Planck Equation for Power System Stability Probability Density Function Evolution

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2 Author(s)
Keyou Wang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Shanghai JiaoTong Univ., Shanghai, China ; Crow, M.L.

This paper presents an analysis of the evolution of the probability density function of the dynamic trajectories of a single machine infinite bus power system. The probability density function can be used to determine the impact of random (stochastic) load perturbations on system stability. The evolution of the state probability density function over time leads to several interesting observations regarding stability regions as a function of damping parameter. The Fokker-Planck equation (FPE) is used to describe the evolution of the probability density of the states. The FPE is solved numerically using PDE solvers (such as finite difference method). Based on the results, the qualitative changes of the stationary density produce peak-like, ridge-like and other complicated shapes. Lastly, the numerical FPE solution combined with SMIB equivalent techniques lay the framework extended to the multimachine system.

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Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 3 )