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Relaxation Oscillator-Based Active Bridge Circuit for Linearly Converting Resistance to Frequency of Resistive Sensor

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4 Author(s)
Islam, T. ; Department of Electrical Engineering, F/O Engineering and Technology, Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi, India ; Kumar, L. ; Uddin, Z. ; Ganguly, A.

An easily implementable signal conditioning circuit for resistive humidity and temperature sensors is presented. It is based on a relaxation oscillator in which both the frequency and the duty-cycle of the square-wave output signal simultaneously carry information from two different types of sensors. The output frequency is linearly related to the resistive unbalance of an active bridge, whereas the duty-cycle is independently controlled by a thermal sensor for controlling temperature error of the humidity sensor (RH). The design, analysis, and experimental characterization of the circuit and its application to a sol-gel thin film porous $gammahbox{-}{rm Al}_{2}{rm O}_{3}$-based humidity sensor and resistance temperature detector are reported. Experimental results confirm the theoretical value predicted. The circuit covering wide resistance measurement range has the potential for remotely monitoring measurement parameters accurately.

Published in:

Sensors Journal, IEEE  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 5 )