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Along with expansion of deregulated power systems in countries, new subjects such as demand response programs (DRPs) have been provided to create demand-side participation. Also, smart grids help customers to be able to participate in electricity market more effectively. Demand-side participation improves power system utilization, operation and also has a great effect on social welfare. This paper studies the impact of smart grid on implementation of emergency demand response programs (EDRPs) as a new form of DRP. In this regard, the EDRP is model based on an exponential DR model with consideration of incentive rate for customers who respond to reducing their loads is developed. The methodology is demonstrated through different scenarios simulated on Iranian power system. The impact of smart grid on EDRP programs is discussed and it is shown that EDRP programs would be executed more effectively in a smart grid. Simulation results are carried out on MATLAB software by numerical simulations.
Date of Conference: 28-29 Nov. 2012