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Synchronization of passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers and its application to optical communication networks

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10 Author(s)
Jiang, M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Ahn, K.H. ; Cao, X.D. ; Dasika, P.
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We synchronized two passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers using a phase lock loop with a large dynamic range and bandwidth, which is realized by using a novel acoustooptic-modulator-grating scheme. Cross-correlation of the two lasers shows the interlaser jitter is under 2 ps (same as the laser pulse width) for period as long as hours. To prove the quality of phase locking, we apply synchronized lasers in two all-optical network applications, one of which requires the lasers to have the same wavelength and the second requires the lasers to be at different wavelengths. In the single wavelength application, the synchronized lasers drive a cascade of two low-birefringence, polarization maintaining, optical logic gates with switching timing window of 4 and 5 ps, respectively. We obtain nonlinear transmission of ~50% at a switching energy of 8 pJ and contrast ratio of 16 dB, which are comparable performance as that obtained using a single laser. In the different wavelength application, we use 0.8 ps pulses to switch 2 ps pulses in a two-wavelength nonlinear optical loop mirror demultiplexer with timing window of 5.5 ps. Stable switching is reached at a efficiency as high as 90% at switching energy of 0.8 pJ, and a contrast ratio of 20 dB. Excellent agreement is found between the experimental data and the simulated results, which exclude the timing jitter

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 11 )