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Kasami sequence studies for DTV transmitter identification

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4 Author(s)
Xiaoyu Feng ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA, USA ; Hsiao-Chun Wu ; Yiyan Wu ; Xianbin Wang

The transmitter identification of the DTV systems becomes crucial nowadays. Transmitter identification (TxID, or transmitter fingerprinting) technique is used to detect, diagnose and classify the operating status of any radio transmitter of interest. A pseudo random sequence was proposed to be embedded into the DTV signal before transmission. Thus, the transmitter identification can be realized by invoking the cross-correlation functions between the received signal and the possible candidates of the pseudo random sequences. Gold sequences and Kasami sequences are two excellent candidates for the transmitter ID sequences as they provide a large family of nearly-orthogonal codes. In order to investigate the sensitivity of the transmitter identification to different topologies and different Kasami sequence lengths, we present the analysis here for four different geometric layouts, namely circular distribution, doubly concentric and circular distribution, square array and hexagonal tessellation under the ENG (electronic news gathering) crews¿ working environment. The coverage area and the lowest received signal-to-interference ratio are considered as two essential parameters for the multiple-transmitter identification. It turns out to be that the larger the Kasami sequence length, the larger the received signal- to-interference ratio. Our new analysis can be used to determine the required Kasami sequence length for a specific broadcasting coverage.

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Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 4 )