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In recent years, WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) technology has been developed rapidly, and been widely used in the fields of industry, agriculture, medicine and so on. To solve the low communication rate and short-distance data transmission in the current temperature and humidity monitoring system, this paper designs a temperature and humidity remote monitoring system based on WSN technology. In this system, microprocessor Atmega128L is adopted as the control core of network node, and wireless transceiver module nRF905 is used to realize wireless data transmission. The data of temperature and humidity is sampled by using digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and humidity sensor SHT75 in the system. The proposed network protocol in this paper not only can realize long-rang wireless data transmission, but also can realize self-organizing and manual networking. The results of practical test show that this system has the stable and reliable performance and the advantage of scalability.