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Nonlinear dynamics in directly modulated multiple-quantum-well laser diodes

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3 Author(s)

A theoretical and experimental analysis of the nonlinear dynamics of Fabry-Perot (FP) and distributed feedback (DFB) multiple-quantum-well (MQW) laser diodes is presented. The analysis is performed under single-tone and two-tone direct modulation. In the FP laser, we observe period doubling and in the DFB laser both period doubling and period tripling are identified. Period doubling is found over a wide range of modulation frequencies in both lasers. The reason for this wide modulation frequency range is attributed to the large relaxation frequencies found in MQW laser diodes. The spontaneous emission factor is measured for both FP and DFB lasers. The dependencies of period doubling on output power and RF input power level are also analyzed. The nonlinear dynamics of the laser are found to be enhanced when modulated under two-tone modulation. Numerical simulations carried out show good agreement with the measured results

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 11 )