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Thermal Analysis of Multilevel Grid-Side Converters for 10-MW Wind Turbines Under Low-Voltage Ride Through

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3 Author(s)
Ma, K. ; Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg East, Denmark ; Blaabjerg, F. ; Liserre, M.

As the power level of a single wind turbine is continuously pushed up even to 7 MW, the wind power generation systems are required to be more reliable and able to withstand extreme grid disturbances. Moreover, it is becoming a need that the wind power generation system should be more active in the power network and able to contribute to the grid recovery by injecting reactive current during grid faults. Consequently, the full-scale power converter solutions are becoming more and more popular to fulfill the growing challenges in the wind power application. Nevertheless, the loading of the power devices in full-scale power converters, particularly during grid faults, may compromise the reliability performance and further increase the cost of the system. In this paper, three promising grid-side multilevel converter topologies for the next-generation 10-MW wind turbines are proposed and basically designed as case study. The operation status, as well as the reliability-related performances, is investigated aimed at various low-voltage ride through (LVRT) conditions. It is found that all of the proposed converter topologies will suffer from higher junction temperature in some heavily loaded power devices (particularly the diodes) under LVRT operation. Moreover, the three-level and five-level H-bridge topologies show more potential to reduce the inequality and level of device stress than the well-known three-level neutral point clamped topology.

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Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 2 )