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Non-intrusive electric power sensors for smart grid

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4 Author(s)
Pai, P. ; Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA ; Lingyao Chen ; Chowdhury, F.K. ; Tabib-Azar, M.

An electric power sensor that measures near-field voltage and current waveforms through the insulation layer on a power cord is presented. To measure the line current, we examined Hall, giant magneto-resistive (GMR) and inductive sensors and found that for sensing 60 Hz current through its magnetic field, the inductive probe resulted in the best performance. To measure the voltage waveform, we developed a near-field electric dipole antenna that consisted of two strips of copper approximately 3 mm long. The voltage and current sensors were then calibrated and uncertainties due to the placement of the sensors over power cords were determined. A method was developed to enable the power sensor to perform auto calibration to estimate miss-alignments between the sensors and the wires in the cord. Power measurement accuracy of better than 5% was achieved.

Published in:

Sensors, 2012 IEEE

Date of Conference:

28-31 Oct. 2012