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In this paper, we present a software control method that maximizes the sensing rate of wireless sensor networks (WSN) that are solely powered by ambient RF power. Different from all other energy harvesting WSN systems, RF powered systems present a new challenge for the energy management. A WSN node repeatedly charges and discharges at short intervals depending on the energy intake. A capacitor is used for an energy storage in the energy harvesting system because of its efficient charge and discharge performance and infinite recharge cycles. When this charging time is too short, the node is more likely to experience an energy shortage. On the contrary, if it is too long, more energy is lost because of the leakage in the capacitor. Therefore, we implemented an adaptive duty cycle control scheme that is optimized for RF energy harvesting. This method maximizes the sensing rate considering the leakage problem, a factor that has never previously been studied in this context. Our control scheme improves efficiency by aggregate evaluation of the operation reliability and leakage reduction.
Sensors, 2012 IEEE
Date of Conference: 28-31 Oct. 2012