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Detection and Analysis of Irregular Streaks in Dermoscopic Images of Skin Lesions

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5 Author(s)
Sadeghi, M. ; Med. Image Anal. Lab., Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC, Canada ; Lee, T.K. ; McLean, D. ; Lui, H.
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Irregular streaks are important clues for Melanoma (a potentially fatal form of skin cancer) diagnosis using dermoscopy images. This paper extends our previous algorithm to identify the absence or presence of streaks in a skin lesions, by further analyzing the appearance of detected streak lines, and performing a three-way classification for streaks, Absent, Regular, and Irregular, in a pigmented skin lesion. In addition, the directional pattern of detected lines is analyzed to extract their orientation features in order to detect the underlying pattern. The method uses a graphical representation to model the geometric pattern of valid streaks and the distribution and coverage of the structure. Using these proposed features of the valid streaks along with the color and texture features of the entire lesion, an accuracy of 76.1% and weighted average area under ROC curve (AUC) of 85% is achieved for classifying dermoscopy images into streaks Absent, Regular, or Irregular on 945 images compiled from atlases and the internet without any exclusion criteria. This challenging dataset is the largest validation dataset for streaks detection and classification published to date. The data set has also been applied to the two-class sub-problems of Absent/Present classification (accuracy of 78.3% with AUC of 83.2%) and to Regular/Irregular classification (accuracy 83.6% with AUC of 88.9%). When the method was tested on a cleaned subset of 300 images randomly selected from the 945 images, the AUC increased to 91.8%, 93.2% and 90.9% for the Absent/Regular/Irregular, Absent/Present, and Regular/Irregular problems, respectively.

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 5 )